I4S aims to analyze the vulnerabilities in terms of cyber security that characterize connected manufacturing plants and smart machinery, including all industrial IoT devices, typical of Industry 4.0.
Through modern fog/edge computing paradigms and the use of virtualization and Software-Defined Networking technologies, the most appropriate technological solutions will be identified to improve the degree of security and resilience against cyber attacks.
The results of this project will allow to design and build safer production plants and connected machinery, able to guarantee higher levels of personal and business data protection and therefore the preservation of business operations and critical production processes even in case of cyber attacks.
State of the art
Today, companies that adopt “smart” machinery connected to each other and to the company’s information system take risks related to possible cyber attacks. On one hand such risks are due to the lack of attention paid to the installation of IT devices in the installations; on the other hand, the lack of application in the industrial field of some good practices such as the principle of minimum privileges, segmentation and segregation, hardening. In addition, it has been possible to verify that the authentication, authorization and logging systems of industrial plants, when existing, are not very sophisticated and flexible.
Moreover, the cyber security market is underdeveloped at the level of small and medium regional enterprises and the traditional Vulnerability Assessment services, generally adopted by these realities, are unsuitable to deal effectively with such risks.
The innovation brought by I4S compared to the state of the art consists in the creation of a “digital twin” of the production plants that will allow to simulate the risks associated with cyber attacks to increase the defense capability and resilience of companies.
Although there is strong pressure at regional, national and European level to improve business production processes through the adoption of software driven solutions and digitally managed data, the frequency of cyber attacks geared to blackmail and sabotage is holding back companies to digitally convert their plants. These threats pose a huge risk, especially when IT devices are installed inside production plants without paying adequate attention to security issues, thus exposing companies to high risks of cyber attack.
The I4S project aims to implement technologies and methodologies to ensure full security and functionality for manufacturing companies that characterize the regional territory in case of cyber attack.
- Consorzio T3 LAB
- Romagna Tech
- Università degli Studi di Bologna
- Università degli studi di Ferrara – Mechlav
- Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
- VEM Sistemi SpA